Towns, Cities, Villages and Hamlets
Samuel Lewis's Topographical Gazeetter 1831
FULBOURN, in the hundred of FLENDISH, county of CAMBRIDGE, 5 miles (E. N. E.) from Cambridge, comprising the parishes of All Saints and St.Vigors, and containing together 1023 inhabitants: the living of the former is a vicarage, rated in the kings books at £14. 17., and in the patronage of the Bishop of Ely; and that of the latter a rectory, rated at £25. 15. 2½., and in the patronage of the Master and Fellows of St. Johns College, Cambridge: they are in the archdeaconry and diocese of Ely. Both churches were situated in one church-yard, but one having fallen into decay, it was taken down in 1776: the benefices still continue distinct. There is a place of worship for Independents. On the north side of the church-yard are some ancient almshouses for eleven poor persons. Elizabeth March, in 1722, bequeathed a farm, now producing about £100 a year, for the endowment of schools in the parishes of Fulbourn, Haddenham, Brinkley, Fen-Ditton, and Histon, equally.
FULBOURN is a consolidated parish and village, with a station on the Cambridge and Newmarket section of the Great Eastern railway, 5 miles east-south-east from Cambridge, in the Eastern division on the county, hundred of Flendish, Bottisham petty sessional division, union of Chesterton, Cambridge county court district, rural deanery of Quy and archdeaconry and diocese of Ely: it includes two parishes, viz. All Saints' and St. Vigor's.
Both churches stood in the same churchyard, but on Sunday, 25th May, 1766, at about 5 a.m. the tower of All Saints' church fell and totally ruined the building; 3 of the 5 bells were lying in the ruins in May, 1774, but the oak benches and fittings had been stolen: the church was eventually taken down under the authority of an Act of Parliament; all the parochial assessments are united, but each parish appoints its own officers, and the livings are consolidated.
The Working Men's Institute has a lending library of 900 volumes and a reading room, supplied with daily and weekly papers and magazines.
There are eight almhouses, erected by subcription in 1864. The charities are as follows: £78 yearly from Careway's Charity, for clothing; £110 yearly from Bishop's Charity, for flour; £27 yearly from Farmer's Charity, the greater part of which is distributed amongst the poor who regularly attend church; and a sum of £12, given by Thomas Oslar, in 1722, to purchase an acre of land for a perpetual charity for the poor widows of St. Vigor's parish, the profits of which are distributed on St. Thomas' Day. A new pumping station of the Cambridge Water Works Company, erected as an auxiliary to the works at Cherry Hinton, was opened in March, 1891, at a cost of £2,000. The annual fair, formerly held here on the Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday following the first Sunday after Trinity, is now held, by Order in Council dated 19th June, 1883, on the Monday and Tuesday only. The Rev. Charles Francis Townley M.A., Joseph Chaplin esq. and the rector are the principal landowners. Fulbourn Manor is the residence of the Hon. Lady Tryon: the house stands in its own grounds of 9 acres, and is surrounded by a well-wooded park of about 78 acres.
The County Lunatic Asylum, opened Nov. 2, 1858, is a structure of brick in the Elizabethan style, from plans by Mr. Fowler Jones, architect, of York, & was erected at a cost of about £40,000: it has since been considerably enlarged & in 1900 had 550 patients; attached are 87 acres of land, a consecrated cemetry, gas works, brewhouse & farm buildings."
The soil is loam; subsoil, chalk. The chief crops are wheat and barley. The area is 5,263 acres; rateable value, £10,189; the population in 1891 was 1,807, including 496 inmates at the asylum.
VALLEY is 1-and-a-quarter miles south.
[Extracts from Kelly's Directory - Cambridgeshire - 1900]
Domesday Book Entry
In FLEND1SH Hundred
In FULBOURN Picot holds 26 Freemen who have 4 hides, under the Kings hand. Land for 6 ploughs; they are there. Meadow for the ploughs. They pay £8 a year assayed and weighed, and each year 12 horses and 12 escorts if the King comes into the Sheriffdom; if he does not come, 12s 8d; before 1066 they only paid the Sheriff cartages and escorts or 12s 8d; Picot annexed the excess in the Kings despite.
In FULBOURN the Abbot also holds 4½ hides. Land for 6 ploughs. In lordship 3 hides, where 3 ploughs are possible, but none is recorded there. 8 villagers and 6 smallholders with 3 ploughs. Meadow for the ploughs. The value is and was 20s; before 1066 £6. This land lies and always lay in the lordship of the Church of Ely, at a revenue.
Count Alan holds 8 hides in FULBOURN. Land for 13 ploughs. In lordship 4 hides; 3 ploughs there; a further 2 possible. 16 villagers and 10 smallholders with 8 ploughs. 4 slaves; 1 mill at 20s; meadow for the ploughs. The total value is and always was £15. Young Godwin, Edeva the Fairs man, held this manor; he could not withdraw.
Geoffrey de Mandeville holds 2½ hides in FULBOURN. Land for 3 ploughs. William holds from him. 3 ploughs there. Meadow for 1 plough. Value 50s; when acquired 60s; before 1066 as much. Alfsi held this land from Asgar, and could grant without his permission.
John son of Waleran holds 6 hides in FULBOURN. Land for 7 ploughs. In lordship 3 hides; 3 ploughs there. 8 villagers with 10 smallholders and 4 cottagers have 3 ploughs. Meadow for 7 ploughs; pasture for the village livestock. The value is and always was £12. Sigar held 3 hides of this land from King Edward and could sell. A man of Earl Algars held 2 hides; he could grant and sell. 3 men of Edevas had 1 hide from which they found 2 cartages; they could not withdraw from her. Count Alan claims this hide; the men of the Hundred confirm him.
In FLENDISH Hundred (these men) swore
(and all the other Frenchmen and Englishmen of this Hundred swore).
The war memorial and the men on it have been documented on the Roll of Honour website for Cambridgeshire for Fulbourn and Fulbourn St Vigor.
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