Huntingdonshire
Timeline

1800-1899

Note: All entries in this colour cover other areas as well as Huntingdonshire and can be regarded as general historic information.

Period

Dates

Events

1800-1899

1801

First National Census held, it was not until 1841 that personal details were available nationally.
Surrey Iron Railway, first public railway in the world to carry general freight, opened
General Enclosure Act
Electric arc lamp invented by Sir Humphrey Davy

 

1802

First Stock Exchange opened on present site at Capel Court, London.
First publication of Debrett's Peerage by John Debrett.

 

1803

Sunday School Union set up as an interdenominational society.

 

1807

Slavery abolished in the British Empire.

 

1808

First publication of Debrett's Baronetcies

 

21 Aug 1808

Sir Arthur Wellesley leads campaign in Peninsular War.

 

1811

Primitive Methodists founded.

 

Feb 1811

Prince of Wales becomes Prince Regent due to King's insanity.

 

18 Jun 1815

Napoleon defeated at Waterloo.

 

1816

Income Tax abolished.
Invention of phosphorous match by F Derosne.
Invention of bicycle by K D von Sauerbronn.

 

1819

MacAdam revolutionises road building.

 

24 May 1819

Queen Victoria born.

 

29 Jan 1820

George III's reign of Great Britain ends..

 

30 Jan 1820

George IV becomes King of Great Britain.

 

1822

Royal Academy of Music founded
Invention of electric motor by Michael Faraday.

 

1824

Repeal of Combination Acts against trade unions.

 

27 Sep 1825

First passenger train service from Stockton to Darlington.

 

1826

First Publication of Burke's Peerage.

 

1828

Nonconformists allowed into Public Office.

 

22 Jan 1828

Wellington becomes Prime Minister.

 

1829

Metropolitan Police formed.
First UK horse drawn omnibus service introduced by George Shillibeer in London.
Catholic Emancipation
George Stephenson builds first steam locomotive.

 

26 Sep 1829

First proper police force established in London.

 

1830

Formation of the Conservative Party from the Tory Party.

 

26 Jun 1830

George IV's reign of Great Britain ends.

 

27 Jun 1830

William IV King of Great Britain.

 

1831

Congregational Union of England and Wales formed (Congregational Church).
Invention of the friction match by C Sauria.

 

1832

Great Reform Act - The Representation of the People Act.
Formation of the Liberal Party from the Whigs
Michael Faraday invents electric dynamo.

 

Jun 1832

Cholera spread rapidly killing twenty-two thousand people before the beginning of June 1832 and by the end of that year cholera had spread to most parts of England. The most frightening aspect was the speed at which its victims perished. An attack of violent diahorrea and vomiting followed by agonising cramps in the limbs an abdomen, thirst and fever. After three to twelve hours, the symptoms advanced with rapidity, the skin became dry and a dusky blue or purple in colour, the eyes sank in their sockets, the features were pinched, the pulse at the wrist imperceptible, the voice reduced to a hoarse whisper. Death often took place within a day sometimes a few hours.

 

7 Jun 1832

Parliament passes Reform Act.

 

29 Jul 1833

Slavery abolished throughout British Empire.

 

1835

Wesleyan Methodist Association founded.

 

1836

Marriage in deissenting chapels legalised.
Founding of the Paymaster General's Office
General Register Office established.
Establishment of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners
Invention of screw propeller by F P Smith

 

1837

Civil Registration of births, marriages and deaths began in England and Wales.
Invention of telegraph by S F B Morse.

 

20 Jun 1837

William IV's reign of Great Britain ends.

 

21 Jun 1837

Victoria becomes Queen of Great Britain.

 

1838

Public Record Office (PRO) established by statute.
The People's Charter published (origins of the Chartist Movement).

 

Apr 1838

First steam crossing of the Atlantic.

 

1840

Reform of the postal service by Rowland Hill. First Postage Stamps issued.
First screw propellor driven Royal Navy ship.
Development of photography.

 

6 May 1840

Penny Post introduced

 

2 Jun 1840

Britain annexes New Zealand.

 

6 Jul 1841

First National Census carried out. The details contained within this census were not as definitive as future census were to be. The census was to be held every ten years from this one. Details now available under the 100 year rule.

 

Sep 1841

Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister.

 

9 Nov 1841

King Edward VII born.

 

1842

Income Tax reintroduced
The Illustrated London News founded.
Royal Commission on Children's Employment.
Establishment of a detective department of the Metropolitan Police (origin of CID).
First use of ether as anesthetic by CW Long.

 

1844

Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) founded.

 

1 Dec 1844

Queen Alexandra born.

 

1848

Board of Health formed.

 

1848-49

Cholera outbreak in which at least 50,000 died in England and Wales and probably actually numbering 70,000.

 

1849

Wesleyan Reform Union founded.

 

31 Mar 1851

Second National Census carried out. The details contained within this census were to establish the norm for future census. Details now available under the 100 year rule. 

 

1853

Appointment of first Charity Commissioners.
Smallpox vaccination becomes compulsory.
Transportation of criminals to Australia ends.

 

1853-54

Cholera outbreak in England and Wales - there were 10,675 deaths.

 

26 Mar 1854

Britain and France declare war on Russia (Crimean War).

 

1855-58

Diptheria outbreak in Europe.

 

1855

Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) founded.
Appointment of the first Civil Service Commissioners
Invention of the safety match by J E Lundstrom.
First use of Field Telegraph in War in the Crimea.

 

29 Jan 1856

Victoria Cross instituted by Queen Victoria.

 

30 Mar 1856

End of Crimean War.

 

1857

United Methodist Free Churches founded.
Establishment by Parliament of the Court of Probate.

 

1858

First Publication of Crockford's Clerical Directory by Edward William Cox.

 

8 Apr 1861

Third National Census carried out. Details now available under the 100 year rule. 

 

1865

Salvation Army founded by William & Catherine Booth in Whitechapel, London.

 

3 Jun 1865

King George V born.

 

18 Oct 1865

Viscount Palmerston died.

 

Sep 1866

Cholera outbreak in England and Wales - more than 3,000 died within three weeks.

 

Feb 1868

Disraeli becomes Prime Minister.

 

1870

Elementary Education Act set up state elementary schools.

 

3 Apr 1871

Fourth National Census carried out. Details now available under the 100 year rule.

 

1871

Trade Union Act legaised trade unions.
First Rugby International match between England and Scotland.
Formation of the Rugby Football Union.
Bank Holidays Act establishes Bank Holidays.

 

May 1872

Gladstone becomes Prime Ministers.

 

1873

Supreme Court of Judicature established.

 

1876

Invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell.

 

1877

Phonograph invented by Thomas Edison.
Invention of reinforced concrete by J Monier.

 

1878

Salvation Army adopts uniforms and military style hierarchy.
Establishment of Criminal Investigation Department (CID).

 

1879

Creation of the office of Director of Public Prosecutions.

 

3 Apr 1881

Fifth National Census carried out. Details now available under the 100 year rule. The whole of this census has been transcribed by the LDS and is available on CD from them.

 

1882

Foundation of the Church Army by Rev.Prebendary Wilson Carlisle
Isolation of tuberculosis bacteria by R Koch.

 

19 Apr 1882

Benjamin Disraeli (Lord Beaconsfield) died.

 

1883

Foundation of the Boys Brigade by Sir Wlliam Alexander Smith in Glasgow
Cholera bacteria isolated by Robert Koch.

 

1885

First British Amateur Golf Championship.
Vaccine against rabies discovered by Louis Pasteur
First internal combustion carriage built by K. Benz.

 

1888

Lawn Tennis Association formed.
Invention of the pneumatic tyre by John Dunlop.
Invention of hand-held camera by George Eastman.

 

1890

Discovery of diphtheria vaccine by E von Behring.

 

1 Apr 1891

Sixth National census carried out. Details now available under the 100 year rule.

 

1892

Smallholdings Act to enable Local Authorities to buy farmland to let as smallholdings.

 

23 Jun 1894

King Edward VIII (Duke of Windsor) born.

 

1895

National Trust founded
Discovery of x-rays by W K Roentgen
Wireless telegraphy invented by G Marconi.

 

14 Dec 1895

King George VI born.

 

1896

Who's Who first published.

 

22 Jun 1897

Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.

 

1899

Invention of first tape recorder by V Poulsen.
Introduction of aspirin by Felix Hoffman
Start of the Boer War.

 


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